Les Regions au Nord de France



Picardie

Kate Chandler

Background

Capital: Amiens
Population: As of January 1, 2006 1,886,000
Departments: Aisne, Oise, and Somme.
There are 3 departments of Picardie each named after they river they are nearest to.

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(Flag of Picardie)

Cuisine

In the northern part of France the food can be rather hardy. With the Ardennes' forest close by much of the dishes in Picardie consist of wild game from the Forest (i.e. venison and wild boar) Some common dishes you may find would be Carbonnade (beef cooked in beer with onions and spices), Hochepot which is stew made of beef, pork, mutton and oxtail with vegetables, Caudière (seafish stew with mussels and onions) and Veau Flamande (veal braised with dried apricots, prunes and raisins). A few other types of food you may find there are specialties such as Beaten Cake, Macaroons, and Soisson Beans.

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Beaten Cake (Gâteaux Battu)
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Maroilles Cheese Clafoutis
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Picardie's Savory Pancakes
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Market Garden Vegetable Soup
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Picardie Baked Apple in Pastry







History

Much of the history behind Picardie has to do with wars and battles here is an example of a few:
~ The Hundred Years war (1337-1435)
~ Wars of Religon (1562-1598)
~ Thirty Year War (1618-1648)
~ WWI Battle of the Somme in Picardie

Battle of Somme was one of the biggest battles of World War I in which the allied forces tried to break the German line along the Somme River. Much of World War I was fought around Picardie.
Other interesting facts of history in Picardie are that it's first kings born there were Clovis, in Soissons, and Hugues Capet, in Senlis.

Tourism


In Picardie most of the tourism is of it's historical sites of where wars took place, and it's cathedrals and abey's.

Culture

Picardie's cultural aspect mainly consists of the Preforming arts, such as theatre, music, and other interesting forms of preformance.
The Cathedral's Festival is one of Picardie's largest musical events where different cathedral's can be found as the setting for this event. It happen's in september and the venue changes each night. Picardie is considered the land of Cathedral's and the birthplace of gothic architecture. Another preforming art that is found in Picardie is Chès Cabotans d'Amiens. It's a puppet theater in Amiens, in which Puppertry is a tradition in Amiens. The most known puppets are Larfleur and Sandrine. Larfleur's motto is "Eat well, drink well, and do nothing." Other places where you can find more preforming arts are
the Imperial Theatre in Compiègne and the Cirque Jules Verne in Amiens. You can find opera and other theatrical things at the Theatre in Compiègne. At the Cirque Jules Verne you will find a permanant building for the purpose of a circus. It was created by one of Gustave Eiffels students, Emile Ricquier.



Picardie est une region tres interesant. Il est suite dans le nord du France. Le Capitale est Amiens. Il y a beacoup emplacements historiques. Le language official est France. L’argriculture est important dans Picardie. Il y a aussie des tourists dans le region. Il y a tres beacoup deliceux cuisine. Il y a tres departments de Picardie Aisne, Oise, and Somme.


Nord-pas-de-calais:

Lauren Neiss

Industry

Nord-Pas de Calais has been a major center of heavy industry since the 19th century. It has coal mines, steel mills and traditional textile manufacture. It suffered badly in both World Wars and recovered less quickly than other parts of France. In recent years, it has experienced economic slumps as the mines closed, the steel industry declined and the textile industry ran into problems.Between 1975-1984, the region lost over 130,000 jobs and unemployment reached up to 14% of the working population. The region has, however, benefited from major government and European Union investment over the past 20 years. The opening of the Channel Tunnel in 1994 was a very big help and has boosted the regoins prosperity.

i-Trans at a Glance:

Mission
The mission is to meet the challenges of international competition. By accelerating in freight and passenger traffic.
Objective
The objective is to become the first European cluster to win worldwide recognition for excellence in design, manufacturing, competitive operation and maintenance in transport systems. They also want to have leasing positions in marketing shares, growth and attractiveness.
Priorities
Interoperability= the ability to exchange and use information (usually in a large network made up of several local area networks.
Intermodality in the transport of goods and people
Intelligent transport systems
Innovated driving economic development
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Geography

Nord-Pas-de-Calais is the northern most French region. It lies directly south of England.It's capital is Lille. Pas-de-Calais is currently in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region and is surrounded by the departments of Nord and Somme, the English Channel and the North Sea. Its principal towns are, on the coast, Calais, Boulogne-sur-Mer, and in Artois, Lens, Liévin, Arras, and Saint-Omer. In the north, the region is mainly flat lowlands, which are mostly below sea level. To the south, the small hills of Avesnois and Cambrais, which are under 650 feet of height. Across the region from the southeast to the northwest, the landscape is primarily bocage.The region is covered with hundreds of rivers, including the Authie, Canche, Escaut, Lawe, Liane, Lys, Sambre and Scarpe, which are all navigable. Some of these rivers are interconnected by networks of canals.



Sports

In Nord-pad-de-calais:

16804.jpg If you are into extreme sports, you should really go to Berck-sur-mer in Nord-Pas-de-Calais for their high-class, high thrills kite buggying competition.

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022.jpg Berck sur Mer hosts Europe's biggest kite festival, which attracts kite flyers from China, Australia, the United States and all of Europe.Celebrating its 21st anniversary in 2007, the festival fills the sky with bright colors and spectacular shapes. Visitors can admire the craziest kites, from flying fish to imaginary monsters and giant locomotives, take kite flying classes and even try out the latest models.

16800.jpg The Rand'Opale is a long walk along the spectacular Opale coast in Nord Pas de Calais. It takes place every year and attracts around 3000 hiking and walking fans. There are several different routes ranging from: 8, 15, 25 and 40km to suit each person's endurance and inclination.

gl_volleyball_althols.jpg Le Touquet hosts the annual Grand Tournoi de Beach Volley. It is a week-long tournament split into different leagues for under-16s, amateurs and professionals. The tournament takes place on the beachfront and is free to watch.
24691.jpg Every year, Le Touquet's Paris Plage (next to the Aqualud) hosts a summer-long sand sculpture festival. The themes, and the sculptures get more creative every year. This year's theme is the Magic of Ancient Egypt.

21073.jpg People who feel up to the challenge should get on their bikes and explore the Nord-Pas de Calais region as the Ch'ti Bike race hits the road. Although most cyclists are in great shape it is also a race beginners can compete in. The races are fairly laid back and there's plenty of entertainment at Lille Metropole Stadium for those that prefer to watch.

Nord-pas-de-calais est une region tres interesant. Il est suite dans le nord du France. Le capitale est Lille. Il y a beacoup des activities et sports dans Nord-pas-de-calais. Ie language official est france. L'industry est tres important dans Nord-pas-de-calais. Il y a aussie beacoup des tourists dans le region. Il y a qautre regoins different dans le nord region de France. Les plages est tres beau et il y a beacoup des sports. Le footbal est sport favorite dans le region.

Regional Specialties

There is a wide variety of excellent restaurants in Nord-Pas de Calais. Many of these restaurants cater for parties, and a lot offer a taste of regional specialties.
eat-arras-andouillettes.gif Andouillettes - small sausages made from chitterlings and are served with chips or mashed potato. Specialty of Arras.

eat-eel.gifAnguilles au vert - Eels cooked with spinach and sorrel leaves in white wine; garnished with herbs and served hot or cold on fried bread.

IMG_StoofvleesBord.jpg Carbonade à la flamande - A Flemish of beef stew. It uses slices of beef already charcoal/grilled, then cooked with onions in a strong local beer.

3_carpe_tempura_2.jpg Carpe à la bière - Carp fished from local rivers, cooked in butter with onions, shallots, celery, bay and thyme; then baked with strong local beer and spiced bread.

tarteauxoignons0sv.jpg Tarte au Fromage - Another name for a cheese Flamiche, an open-top cheese pie, often made with Maroilles, a strong-flavored local cheese that comes in a square shape.

nord002.jpg Gaufres à la citrouille - A pumpkin waffle made with a batter mixed with cooked vegetable and rum. Waffles made with various flavors and fillings are a Flemish favorite.




Basse - Normandie

Stefan Klos
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(Flag of Basse - Normandie)



History

The history of the Lower Normandy region dates back to the Roman times. During the 5th century, the area was conquered by the Franks. 400 years later, when the Frankish empire toppled, the Normans took control of the area. Normans were the Norse invaders that sailed the Baltic Sea, and ended up in the upper parts of France. This is where the name Normandy comes from. Under the Normans, the city of Caen grew and prospered. It became the home of William the Conqueror before he successfully invaded England in 1066. It also was the richest city in the Duchy of Normandy. In 1346, when Normandy belonged to the Kingdom of France, Caen was sacked and looted by the British.
In 1944, American, British, and Canadian troops stormed the Nazi – occupied beaches of Lower Normandy as a part of Operation overlord. Even though the mission was successful, Caen, and much of the Norman country side was ravaged during the intense fighting.
In 1956, Normandy was split into Basse-Normandie and Haute-Normandie.

Tourism

Many People who vacation to France often stop by Basse Normandie to experience some of its historic and pleasant wonders. People interested in history will often visit Omaha Beach, and Utah Beach. In 1944, these Nazi controlled beaches were invaded by the US and by Britain as an effort of liberating France. Tours of these beaches are available for anyone. There are memorials and war museums in Caen commemorating D-Day. While in Caen, people will also see the medieval ruins of the city. Caen was the home of the famous William the Conqueror. He ordered the construction of the Women’s Abbey, the Men’s Abbey, and the Ducal Castle, all which are still hosting tours today. Basse Normandie houses one of France's most visited tourist attraction: Mont Saint Michel. Christian lore says that Archangel Saint Michael to the Bishop of Avranche and ordered him to build a sanctuary on Mount Tombe. During the 13th century, the sanctuary was destroyed, then rebuilt as one of the first Gothic Cathedrals. A small town was built up around it. Today, many people visit it believing it to be one of the wonders of the West.
Many Parisians vacation in Basse Normandie. The providence borders Ille-de-France and is a short distance away from Paris. It is common for wealthy Parisians to either own a second house in the countryside of Basse Normandie, or along one of it's famous beaches. Resorts and towns such as Deauville are "must - sees" for anyone wishing to experience the rich life.Deauville was founded in 1861 by Napoleon III. It is said to look like a set out of a James Bond movie. The town consists of a fancy casino on the beach front area that has a dress code, a boardwalks that houses many lavish boutiques, and a bustling marina which offers the best seafood cuisine around.

Industry

Basse Normandie is best known for its horses. The two biggest stud-farms in France are located in Basse Normandie. The horse breeding and raising industry in the regions employs 6,000 full time workers and takes up 70, 000 hectares of land. Some of Europe's greatest race horses are bred in Basse Normandie. Basse Normandie also has a large fishing and agricultural industry. Basse Normandie is France's main source of scallops. Basse Normadie's most widley grown agricultural product is wheat. Throughout the last 15 or so years, the regional council has funded many scientific projects and facilities in Basse Normandie. They include the National Heavy Ion Accelerator and the CYCERON Research Laboratory. These facilities provide jobs to many people and boost the international standings of Basse Normandie in the science community.

Basse Normandie est une region super cool. Il y á beacoup de choses a faire dans Basse Normandie. Il est situé dans le nord du France. Le capitale s'appelle Caen. Il est une ville avec beacoup d'histoire. William le Conqueror habité á Caen pour quelques annés. Il y a beacoup des plages dans Basse Normandie. Beacoup de la region est la capmpagne. Beacoup des touristes quis habitons á Paris visitons les plages.



Haute Normandie

Dan

History

Haute Normandie has a very interesting history. It has always been an area involved in war. Many of the early settlers of Normandie were the Vikings. The Vikings came to Haute Normandie for war, but stayed for the fertile farmland. The great soldier and leader William the Conqueror was from Haute Normandie. Haute Normandie has been controlled by both France and Britain, but France took total control of the land in 1450. The Channel Islands were part of Normandie, but after many years of fighting the British took total control of them after the Battle of Waterloo. Haute Normandie was also largely involved in the D-Day operation in World War Two. From then on the region has been at peace and hopefully no more problems will occur.

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(Emerald Cliffs)


Geography

Haute Normandie has a very interesting geography. It has a very calm terrain until it gets to the coast. Haute Normandie borders the English Channel and steep cliffs lead down to the water. In the interior of Haute Normandie there are rolling hills with fertile farmland. Haute Normandie has a lot of farmers so the region is dotted with little farm houses and apple orchards to make their world famous cider.

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(Rouen)


Industry

Industry in Haute Normandy is mostly farming and agriculture. A lot of dairy products like milk and cheese come from this area of France. Haute Normandy is especially known for its apple cider and apple orchards dot the landscape. A lot of lace is also produced in Haute Normandy.

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Tourism

Tourism is fairly popular in Haute Normandie. Because it is close to Paris a lot of people take short trips to Haute Normandie during there trips to Paris. Many people come to see the Emerald Cliffs and to learn about history and World War Two. Many tourists also come to eat and drink all the great delicacies that Haute Normandie has to offer. When people come to Haute Normandie, many of them like to visit St. Mere Eglise because of its historical meaning and because of its beauty. Haute Normandie is a beautiful region and there is a lot to be explored.


Haute Normandie est place dans le nord de la France. beaucoup de tourists visite Haute-Normandie chaque annee. Haute-Normandie est tres interessant. Il a un tres interessant histoire. Il est sur le manche. L'agriculture est tres popular dans Haute-Normandie. Beaucoup de cider est produit la. Aussi, beaucoup de fromage est produit dans le Haute-Normandie. Le vikings attaque Haute-Normandie dans le tot annees. Visite Haute-Normandie est vouse aurez un bon voyage.






Bibliography: Picardie
“Inntravel Guide To French Regional Cuisine.” Inntravel. Oct.4, 2007
<http://www.inntravel.co.uk/shortbreaks/regionalcuisine.htm#calais>
“Regional Gastronamy.” Picardie La Region. Oct. 8, 2007
< http://www.picardie.fr/en/rubrique.php3?id_rubrique=100>
“Preforming Arts.” Picardy. Oct. 12, 2007
<http://www.picardy.org/performingarts.cfm >
“Key Dates: A Historic Region.” Picardy La Region. Oct. 8th, 2007
<http://www.picardie.fr/en/rubrique.php3?id_rubrique=23>
“Cirque Jules Verne.” Evene. Oct.13, 2007
<http://www.evene.fr/culture/lieux/cirque-jules-verne-1686.php?photo>
www.imperialtheatre.nb.ca/site/index.php?id=19 (imperial photos)
http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/fr%28.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Picardie