Les Regions à l'Est de France

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Alsace: Annie M
Lorraine: Alex R.
Champagne-Ardenne: Amanda
Bourgogne: Karen
Franche Compte: Jenny D.



Franche-Comté

Random Information:
-Means free country
-Famous for its: Gruyère cheese ,watches and clocks.
-The Jura mountains run though Franche-Comte
-Besançon is the capitol
-Boarders Switzerland
-43% forest
-In 1990, the high-speed TGV train broke the world rail speed record at 320 mph
-Ideal for hiking, skiing, water sports because it has so many different mountains and lakes and rivers there
-Doubs is the “greenest department of france”
-has largest cross country skiing trail
-4 different departments are inside Franche-Comté, they are: Haute-Saône, Doubs, Territoire de Belfort and Jura.
-They make a lot of brandy and wine in Franche-Comté.
-Franche-Comté has waterfalls, mountains, lakes, and rivers.
-Territoire de Belfort is the smallest department in france
French sentences:
Ma région s'appelle Franche-Comté. Il y a quatre departments dans la Franche-Comté, Haute-Saône, Doubs, Territoire de Belfort and Jura. Elle est dans l’est. La capitale de la Franche-comté est Besançon. La Jura montages dans le Franche-Comté. Elle a les montagne, les fleuves, les grottes, et les lacs. Beaucoup de personnes vient à Franche-comté pour aller ski et la randonnée. Elle a le plus grand pays fâché piste. Il y a 1,117,059 personnes dans Franche-Comté. Ils font les montres, les vins, les voitures et les vêtements.
Geography-
-Located on the east side of France
-Is broken down into 4 different Departments: Haute-Saône, Doubs, Territoire de Belfort and Jura
-boarders Switzerland
-43% of the regions is covered in forest
-Has many waterfalls, mountains, lakes, rivers, and caves.
-In the north of Franche- Comté is the Vosges Mountains
-The Jura Mountains run though a majority of the region, they act as a natural boarder between Switzerland and France.
-The capitol is Besançon
- has 3,438 miles of streams, rivers, and waterways
-Pastures for raising livestock
-There is a plateau in the north of Franche- Comté

Industies-
- Famous for there Gruyère Cheese
-80% of all milk in the regions goes towards making cheese
-Has 2 places for making automobiles
-they are known for making watches
-they make a lot of plastic
-Timber is a large industry for the region because of its large amount of forest
-Livestock is an important industry
-They make a lot of brandy and wine in Franche-Comté.


Tourism-
-many people come to Franche-Comté to go skiing and enjoy other natural outdoors adventure
-kayaking in the region is very popular
-contains the largest cross country ski trail
-If you enjoy nature, Franche-Comté is the place for you
-It is a very rural area

History-
The rule of Franche- Comte has changed several times throughout history
-Was apart of the Roman Empire in the 4th century
-Spain ruled the area at one point in time
-use to be apart of the Kingdom of Burgundy
-was destroyed in the 30 year war
- the name Franche- Comte was not made official until 1366
-Was apart of France in 1477
-was apart of Spain in 1556
-The region was given back to France in 1668 when the treat of Aix-la-Chapelle was signed
-Was taken away from France again later on in 1674 and given back in 1678
-In 1790 it became a department of France



Champagne-Ardenne


Geography

Capital:Chalons-en-Champagne
Regional President:Jean-Paul Bachy (since 2004)
Departments: Aube, Ardennes, Haute-Marne, and Marne
Major Cities:
The name ‘Champagne’, is derived from the Latin word campagna, meaning countryside.
The region is known for its rolling hills and beautiful vineyards.
Because of the chalkiness in the soil, it is perfect for growing grapes, and wine is this regions main industry.
The main rivers that flow through the region include: the Seine, the Aube, the Marne and the Ainse.


History

Until the Bronze Age, the Champagne-Ardenne region was not unified. It was in 56 BC that the Romans started cultivating grapes for wine production, which is what the area is so well known for today. In the city of Reims, the Merovingian King Clovis was baptized in 499, starting the tradition. And in 800, the region was united by Charlemagne under the Holy Roman Empire.

During the Middle Ages, cities throughout Champagne-Ardenne were prospering from the great merchant fairs that contributed to the growth of external image 300px-Battle-bouvines.jpgthe city of Troyes. The Countess of Champagne married the French king in 1284.
The Chateau Sedan, built in the eighteen hundreds remains as the largest fortified stronghold in Europe.
Although the Renaissance Period brought down the region economically, it flourished again during the period of influence of Louis VII. Phillip II, his son, succeeded him as king, and after victory in the Battle of Bouvines, he became the most influential monarch in Europe, making France a power nation.

Specialty
The region of Champagne-Ardenne is the only place in the world where champagne is produced, (it is not considered champagne if it is not from here.) Dom Pérignon, a Benedictine monk of the 18th century, is credited with accidentally inventing this sparkling wine, a symbol of sophistication and celebration. In the cities of Reims, Esparney, Troyes, and Chalons-en-Champagne, you will find the best bubbly on the market. The champagne is made from Chardonney, Pinot Meunier, Pinot Noir grapes from the Montagne Reims, Côte des Blancs, and the Vallée de la Marne. These areas are where the best grapes are grown in the best soil for growing them (chalky), and the best cellars for producing wine from them.external image LoReslarge-champagne-poster.jpg

external image image_20063171585959156.jpg
www.nicks.com.au/ index.aspx?link_id=76.987
www.allposters.com/ -sp/Champagne-Joseph-Perri...

Tourism

The capital of Champagne-Ardenne is the lovely city of Reims. Located a bit over an hour from Paris by car. It is the home to gothic styled cathedral where kings have been crowned.
Reims Cathedral: Notre Dame de Reims
Reims Cathedral: Notre Dame de Reims

This region is known for champagne production around the world, so wine tours are very popular.
One can visit the Moet and Chandon cellars and Champagne De Castellane in Epernay to learn about the growing and aging process of sparkling wine.
Troyes is a hot spot on the "Champagne Tour" and the architecture of the castles are a must.
external image CaveChampagne.jpg


Le region de Champagne-Ardenne est tres populaire avec les tourists. Ils aiment beacoup les “Tours de Champagne” et les vin cellars. Le geographe a beaucoup de la collines et de riviers. Les cathedrals historique sont tres fantastique. Un voyage au Champagne etait tres educatif.




Burgundy:


Capital: Dijon
Population: 1,610,067
Famous for Burgundy Canal
Famous for Wine and Vinyards

History:
The Romons were the first to dominate
When it was Roman property Burgundy was known as Gallia Lugdunensis


Lorraine

  • Located in northern France borders Germany, Luxembourg, and Belgium.
  • The region had been fought over for centuries by France and Germany and has a strong German influence.
  • Known for its medieval towns and villages.
  • Lorraine is known for its quiche.
  • The mirablle plum of Lorraine is used in pies and alcoholic beverages.
  • The two main cities of Lorraine are Metz the administrative capital and Nancy the historical capital.
  • The current region of Lorraine is larger than the historical duchy of Lorraine/
  • Lorraine is seen as a strategic location and as a crossroad for the four surrounding nations.
  • The use of potatoes in Lorraine can be traced to 1665 and is used in tradition dishes.
  • Pinot Noir is the most well known wine of the region.
  • The regions name comes from medieval Lotharingia.
  • Jean-Pierre Masseret is the president of Lorraine.

Geography- Lorraine is the only French region that borders Belgium, Luxembourg, and Germany. Lorraine also borders French-Comte, Alsace, and Champagne-Ardenne. The Rhine, Moselle, Meurthe, and Meuse are the rivers that run thru Lorraine.
History - Lorraine is larger than the historical duchy of Lorraine, which came under French sovereignty between 1737 and 1766. The modern region includes the provinces and areas that were historically separate from the duchy of Lorraine which include; Barrois, the Three Bishoprics, and several small principalities that were part of the Holy Roman Empire at the time of the French Revolution
Industry - Lorraine generates 3.4% of France's GDP and ranks number 8 out of the 22 regions. The Logistics and service sectors have experienced the strongest growth in recent years while the traditional industries; textiles, mining, and metallurgy have experienced a decline and consequently the region has experienced a major difficulty with a rising unemployment rate that is near the national average.
Tourism- Lorraine has been a major European crossroads, resulting in a rich mixture of cultural influences. Sailing, windsurfing and motor boats are all unrestricted on the waters of Madine, Gondrexange, Stock and Gérardmer.

Slide Show


French Paragraph:
Mon region s’appelle Lorraine. La Lorraine est nord de la France. Metz est le capital de la Lorraine. La Lorraine trois pays Belgique, Luxembourg, et Allemagne. Combat WWII de la France et de l'Allemagne. La Lorraine est pour son vin et quiche. Nancy pour l'art et l'architecture.

"Regional Information About Lorraine, France." FWP. 4 Sept.-Oct. 2007 <http://www.france-pub.com/region/lorraine.html>.
"Lorraine." Discover France.Info. 4 Sept.-Oct. 2007 <http://www.discover-france.info/regions_%20Lorraine.htm>.




Alsace


Sports/Leisure:
-mountain biking
-horse back riding
-hiking
-cross country skiing in the Vosges Mountains
-canal cruising
-hot air ballooning
external image Dcp_0066.jpg external image 53bu1.jpg external image Lorraine-bristol-index.jpg


Cuisine:
Majority of the cuisine of Alsace is German influenced. Pork is a main staple and Strasbourg is known for its sauerkraut. Alsace is also famous for their wines. Since the food is so rich and heavy Alsace has developed very light wines to match the food. After a big meal one can eat a famous pastry with a fruit brandy.

external image sauerkraut.jpg external image south_african_wine.jpg external image anchovytartparismarais.jpg

Geography:
The Alsatian Plane is made of three different landscapes. The first is the Reids and the Rhine forest. This area was once a flood bed so currently it is al marshes and swamps with old forests. The second type of landscape is the Dry forest. The dry forest is made of dry soil with pebbles and so only hardy trees have grown here like hornbeam, oak, and pine trees. The third type of area is the loessic area. These areas are covered in limestone which makes the soil extremely rich for plant growing. Most of the ingredients for sauerkraut are grown on these regions. All in all Alsace is an agriculturally abundant region.

Alsace also contains the Vosges Mountains and within the mountains are the Vosges Foothills. The foothills are where all of the famous vineyards are located. Wine production can happen because the foothills are dry and free from humidity. The mountains themselves are full of lakes and moors (pastures). In the northern part of the mountains there are many castles dotting the region.
external image sideview.jpgexternal image lesvosges07-1024x768.jpg

Culture:
The culture of Alsace is extremely influenced by the Germans because Germany is right next to Alsace. During the French Revolution the people of Alsace started switching their language to French. They started speaking a mix of French and German which they called Alsatian. Nowadays people speak standard French, but people over the age of 70 still speak Alsatian. Alsatian is a dying language because Alsace has switched to standard French and the new generations of children are not learning Alsatian.


Resources:


Alsace

"The Mountain Environment." Tourism-Alsace. 14 Oct. 2007 <http://www.tourism-alsace.com/en/geography/mountain-environment.html>.

external image pixel.gif "Micro Regions."
Tourism-Alsace. 14 Oct. 2007 <http://www.tourism-alsace.com/en/geography/alsace-county.html>.

"Food in Alsace-French Cuisine."
Indigoguide. 14 Oct. 2007 <http://www.indigoguide.com/france/food-in-alsace.htm>.

<http://www.tourism-alsace.com/en/geography/variety-landscapes.html>.

"Alsace."
Wikipedia. 14 Oct. 2007 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alsace>.

"Alsace." 14 Oct. 2007 <http://town.hall.org/travel/france/alsacep.html>.


Franche- Comte
Fiona, ed. France Passport Books. Lincolnwood, IL: NCT Publishing Group, 1994.

"Economic fabric and main industrial sectors." CORDIS. 10 October 2007
.**
http://cordis.europa.eu/franche-comte/intro_2b.htm

"Franche-Comté." Discover France. copyright 1997-2007. October 3, 2007. http://www.discoverfrance.net/France/Provinces/Franche-Comte.shtml

“Franche-Comté Travel Cuide.” France Voyage . com. 10 October 2007. http://www.france-voyage.com/en/
“Franche-Comte unveils its secrets." Franche Comte. October 2 2007. http://franche-comte.org/defaut_anglais.htmDucan

"Regions of France - Franche Comté." The French Journal. 1 Feb. 2007. 10 October 2007.
http://frenchjournal.typepad.com/french_journal/2007/02/regions_of_fran.html#more

“The Region of Franche-Comté.” www.french-at-a-touch.com. 5 October 2007. http://www.french-at-a-touch.com/French_Regions/Franche-Comte/franche-comte_9.htm

"Welcome to Franche-Comté." INTERFRANCE. copyright 1996-2007. October 3, 2007.
http://www.interfrance.com/en/fc/franche-comte.html

Champagne-Ardenne
Unknown. "Champagne-Ardenne."
Wikipedia. 03 Oct. 2007. Wikimedia. 08 Oct. 2007 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Champagne-Ardenne
Unknown. "Champagne-Ardenne." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2007. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 4 Oct. 2007 <http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9022352>.
Unknown. "CHAMPAGNE ARDENNE - Environment." 02 Oct. 2007.
Portrait of the Regions. Mar. 2004. Eurostat. http://circa.europa.eu/irc/dsis/regportraits/info//data/en/fr21_env.htm
Unknown. "Champagne Travel & Tourism."
WorldWeb.Com. 08 Oct. 2007 http://www.champagne.worldweb.com/
Unknown. "Regions à La Carte Eastern France."
FRENCH TOURIST OFFICE. 06 Oct. 2007 http://www.francetourism.com/practicalinfo/regionseasternchampagne.htm
Unknown. "The Region of Champagne-Ardennes."
www.French-at-a-Touch.com. 08 Oct. 2007. None. 02 Nov. 2006http://www.french-at-a-touch.com/French_Regions/Champagne-Ardennes/champagne-ardennes_7.htm
Unknown. "Wines in Champagne."
Terrior-France__. 10 Oct. 2007 http://www.terroir-france.com/wine/champagne_wine.htm